|There are six main techniques
currently used to propagate orchids and these are: division, back bulbs,
keiki, aerial cuttings, meristem or tissue culture, and seed . All of the techniques
are discussed in detail below and all but two are commonly employed in the
home or greenhouse. The two which aren't commonly employed at home are propagation
by seed and meristem tissue culture as these need laboratory conditions
to maintain sterility.
Firstly we will take a look at division, the most commonly
used method of propagating orchids.
Also see Re
|This is one of the simplest
methods of producing more plants of the same variety or species. Many new
to growing orchids are apprehensive about cutting their treasured plant in
to two or more parts but there are reasons that this is not only useful in
terms of increasing your stock but beneficial to the plant.
Splitting a plant will often encourage the plant to produce more shoots of
a better quality and with much more vigor than would be the case if left
to it's own devises. The reason for this new vigor is entirely natural and
is the plants response to being placed under threat and of course the
introduction of new fresh potting medium which the plant will take full
Only divide plants where each division will
have at least three back bulbs and each division should have at least one
new growth. If your division has less than three back bulbs then it may
not have enough strength to flower the following season and may take three
or more years to come back to flowering size.
Division of plants is best undertaken in
the early spring just as new growth starts, this will ensure that each
division has a full growing season to establish itself so that it can
flower the following season.
Here we show you the step by step process
of splitting a Beallara but the same process can be used on
most of the orchids which have back bulbs such as Odontoglossum and types,
Cymbidium, Coelogyne and Miltonia plus the clump forming varieties such as
Dracula, Masdevallais and Paphiopedilums.
Full process in detail for 'Bulbed'
process in detail for Paph type orchids